The human spine is a complex and essential part of the body that provides support, protection, and flexibility. It is divided into five regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal, with each region having unique features and functions. This article will cover the first four sectors.
The spinal column is made up of 33 individual vertebrae, and these bones are separated into four distinct spinal segments, which include the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral segments. Understanding the anatomy and function of each of these segments is essential for identifying and treating various spinal disorders. Continue reading for more information.
The cervical spine, or neck region, is made up of seven vertebrae that are responsible for supporting the weight of the head and allowing for its range of motion. The cervical spine is the most flexible part of the spine, allowing for a wide range of movement. However, it is also the most susceptible to injury due to its mobility. The cervical spine is prone to several conditions, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and cervical radiculopathy.
The thoracic spine, or upper back region, is made up of 12 vertebrae that attach to the ribcage and provide support and protection to the vital organs in the chest. The thoracic spine is less mobile than the cervical and lumbar regions—making it less prone to injury. However, it is still susceptible to various conditions, including thoracic outlet syndrome, vertebral fractures, and scoliosis.
The lumbar spine, or lower back region, is made up of five large vertebrae that support the weight of the upper body and provide flexibility and stability to the spine. The lumbar spine is the most common site of spinal injuries and disorders, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease (DDD). The intervertebral disc, facet joints, and vertebral bodies are the three spinal segments in the lumbar region that are more prone to problems. DDD is a condition that can affect any spinal segment, but is more common in the lumbar and cervical regions. While there is no cure for DDD, various treatments—such as the stem cell injections offered by bioxcellerator.com—can help manage the symptoms and slow down the progression of the disease.
The sacral spine, or pelvic region, is made up of five fused vertebrae that support the weight of the upper body and provide stability to the hips and pelvic area. The sacral spine is less mobile than the other spinal segments, but it is still susceptible to conditions such as sacroiliac joint dysfunction, sacral fractures, and tumors.
Understanding the anatomy and function of these four spinal segments is crucial for maintaining a healthy spine and identifying and treating various spinal disorders. Each segment plays a unique role in supporting the body and allowing for movement, but they are also prone to specific problems. While some conditions may be more common in one segment than another, many spinal disorders can affect multiple segments, highlighting the importance of taking care of the entire spine.